Gout is an incredibly common form of painful inflammatory arthritis. It most commonly affects one big joint at a time (usually the big toe), but it can occur in multiple joints simultaneously. There are rare times when gout symptoms actually get worse, called flares, and there are rare times when there aren’t any symptoms, called remission. Repeated bouts of gout will eventually lead to gouty arthritis, which is a worse form of gout.
Gout symptoms are a mixed bag of things, which can range from a constant painful toe, to a burning pain down the legs or thighs. The first thing you should do if you think you have gout is see a doctor. A gout doctor will perform tests to see if you have gout and to rule out any other possible conditions. Your doctor may want to do X-rays or CT scans of your joints to be sure that the gout is coming from a place where it isn’t actually harming your body. This test is not typically done unless you have extremely serious gout, where the earlier symptoms are not relevant nano fast.
When the doctor determines that you have gout, he will prescribe pain medicine and antibiotic medication. These will relieve the joint inflammation, but not always stop the swelling from occurring. If you do start to experience additional joint inflammation, your doctor may recommend that you see an arthritis specialist such as a rheumatologist. He or she will be able to prescribe medication for the inflammation and help to stop further gout from occurring in the future.
In order for gout to be properly treated, you must take preventative measures. Gout attacks are usually more severe the first time you experience them, but you can prevent further gout attacks by following a few self-management strategies. Be sure to eat a healthy diet and avoid alcoholic beverages if you are having frequent gout attacks. You should also avoid wearing tight-fitting shoes and wear loose socks. You should consult your health care provider about any other medical treatment that he or she might recommend for you.
There are several types of medications that are used to treat gout. Most of these medications are antirheumatic, meaning they attack the kidneys, and others are referred to as metabolic or uric acid suppressants. These medications include diuretics and aspirin, which can be taken to lower high levels of uric acid in the body. Some people also take medications called inhibitors, which prevent the accumulation of uric acid crystals in the tophi.
People who are at risk for developing gout are advised to have their blood work done regularly and to watch their diets. Those who smoke and have high blood pressure are also at risk. Gout is more common in people who are overweight and drinking alcohol. Gout attacks can occur with little warning, so it is important to know the risk factors for gout. People who consume a lot of alcohol and are overweight are more likely to develop the condition.
Gout is treated differently depending on how severe the attack is. If the attacks are infrequent and not too painful, then the person can try to decrease their uric acid levels through diet and medication. If an attack occurs and causes major joint damage, then the person may need to have a surgical procedure to remove the top and reduce inflammation. Patients who undergo surgery to treat gout tend to have better results than those who use alternative treatments. However, patients can still reduce their uric acid levels by taking medications, undergoing physical therapy, or avoiding large amounts of alcohol.
If you’re having an attack, you should contact your doctor immediately and ask what the best course of action is. He or she will likely want to test you for arthritis so that he can measure your state levels. Your doctor will likely prescribe one of several medications that are available over the counter, or a prescription medication that will help to reduce your urate levels. Depending on the severity of your attack, your doctor may recommend that you do not consume allopurinol.